Blood glucose tests are also known as called blood sugar tests. They can be done after you have fasted or as a test called an oral glucose tolerance test. They are usually used to check for or monitor diabetes.
Calcium Blood Test
Calcium is important and it is needed for strong bones. Your muscles, nerves, and heart need calcium to work properly, while calcium also helps your blood to clot.
Some blood tests, called cardiac enzyme tests, can check whether the heart muscle is damaged, and indicate if a person has had a heart attack.
Cholesterol and Lipid Tests
A cholesterol (or lipid profile) test looks at the various levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood.
C-reactive protein (CRP) test
The C-reactive protein (CPR) test is a blood test
that checks for infection or inflammation in the body. It is used to detect the severity of inflammation or whether you are responding to treatment. It does not show where the inflammation is in your body.
A D-dimer test is a blood test that checks for, or monitors, blood-clotting problems. A positive test means the D-dimer level in the body is higher than normal and suggests someone might have blood clots.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) Test
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test checks for inflammation in the body. It is usually used along with other tests, as it doesn’t indicate what is causing the inflammation, nor where it is.
Folate is an important nutrient for making normal red blood cells and for repairing cells and nerve tissue in the body. Along with vitamin B12, it is tested to check whether you have enough of these vitamins in the blood.
Full blood count
A full blood count (FBC) is a very common blood test that is also sometimes called a complete blood count (CBC) or full blood examination (FBE). It is a test for general health, but it can also provide information about a range of conditions.
HbA1c is a blood test that is used to help diagnose and monitor people with diabetes. It is also sometimes called a hemoglobin A1c, glycated hemoglobin, or glycosylated hemoglobin.
The human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) test is usually used to confirm or monitor a pregnancy. It is also known as the pregnancy test. It can be a blood or urine test.
International normalized ratio (INR) test
An INR test measures the time for the blood to clot. It is also known as prothrombin time, or PT. It is used to monitor blood-thinning medicines, which are also known as anticoagulants. The INR, or international normalised ratio, can also be used to check if you have a blood clotting problem.
Iron studies are blood tests that look at how much iron is in your blood and in other cells. Having either too little or too much iron can cause serious problems.
Kidney function tests and All Types of Blood Tests
Your kidneys are important because they filter waste from your body and regulate the salts in your blood. There are many reasons your kidneys may not work effectively. Kidney function tests can help your doctor check your kidney function and to monitor it over time.
Liver function tests
Liver function tests (also called LFTs) are blood tests that can provide information about how the liver is working. They test the levels of a number of proteins and enzymes that are either produced by liver cells or released into the blood when liver cells are damaged.
Magnesium blood test
Magnesium is a metal that is found in small amounts in every cell of your body.
Oestrogen blood test
Many women at some time have a blood test for oestrogen. It might be during pregnancy (or if a woman is having difficulty getting pregnant), if their menstrual cycle is unusual if the woman is showing the signs of menopause, or for some other reason.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
The PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test can help detect or monitor prostate cancer.
Testosterone blood test
Both men and women make testosterone in their bodies, although men usually produce much more of it than women. A blood test for testosterone can show how much of this important sex hormone is in your body.
Thyroid function tests
Thyroid function tests are used to check for a number of thyroid problems. The tests measure the number of different hormones including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3). Other tests on the thyroid include various antibodies related to thyroid tissue.
Vitamin B12 test
This Vitamin is vital for making red blood cells and for cell and tissue repair. It is needed for nerve health.
This Vitamin comes from food such as meat, poultry and seafood, milk, cheese, and eggs.
Vitamin D test
This Vitamin is important for strong and healthy bones and may help prevent a number of diseases. Vitamin D levels in the body can be checked with a blood test. Vitamin D deficiency is common in Australians so your doctor might ask for a test if you are at risk.
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